Practice Overview

Chuck Modell has represented franchisors throughout the country in almost every imaginable scenario over the course of his legal career. He has counseled franchisors at every stage of their development, including the decision to franchise, preparation and registration of franchise documents, management of franchise relationships, franchise growth strategies, negotiation of supplier and joint venture agreements, and termination of franchise relationships. Chuck has also represented private equity companies and existing franchisors in buying and selling franchise companies. With more than 45 years of experience filing franchise disclosure documents, Chuck has personally worked with franchise administrators in every state that reviews disclosure documents.

Having been an active participant in the franchise law community for four decades, Chuck was the first franchise lawyer in the Midwest to be awarded the designation of Certified Franchise Executive by the Institute of Franchise Executives. He has held multiple leadership positions within franchise industry organizations and served for 11 years as a member of the Industry Advisory Committee to the North American Securities Administrators Association Franchise Project Group, which advises state and federal regulators on franchise law issues and trains state franchise examiners.

In 2017, Chuck was recognized by the American Bar Association with the Forum on Franchising’s Lewis G. Rudnick Award, the highest and most prestigious award a franchise attorney can receive, recognizing his experience, professionalism and leadership in franchising. In 2022, he was named by Chambers USA as a Senior Statesman in Franchising, one of only 3 lawyers to have achieved ranking in that category.

Representative Experience

Expert Witness

  • Financial performance representations - Retained by a Washington-based franchisor, and a California-based franchisor, in separate matters, to provide expert testimony on the sufficiency of financial performance representations included in Item 19 of the Franchise Disclosure Documents provided to franchisees by those franchisors.
  • Proper handling of advertising funds - Retained by a major international franchise system as an expert witness in federal court, testifying as to the proper handling of advertising funds, resulting in a decision for the franchisor.
  • Proper disclosure of fees under FTC Franchise Rule  - Retained by franchisor to provide expert testimony in a Florida arbitration on the issue of proper disclosure of fees under the Federal Trade Commission Franchise Rule, resulting in an arbitration award in favor of the franchisor.
  • Report on deficiencies in a franchisor’s financial performance representation - Provided a report on behalf of a franchisee as to deficiencies in a franchisor’s financial performance representation that resulted in the presentation of a misleading picture to prospective franchisees as to the level of operating profits being achieved by franchisees in the system and the level of revenues needed to achieve the results shown.
  • Supplier rebates and disclosure of rebates - Retained by a Florida-based franchisor to provide expert testimony on the issue of supplier rebates and disclosure of rebates in a New York City arbitration, resulting in a favorable settlement for the franchisor.


  • Mediation of multi-unit franchise purchase - Retained as an independent mediator and successfully mediated the purchase by a franchisor of a multi-unit franchisee based in Florida.
  • Mediation of litigation dispute - Represented a franchisor in mediation of a litigation dispute that resulted in the franchisee exiting the system and making a substantial payment to the franchisor.
  • Mediation with independent franchisee association - Retained as an independent mediator and successfully mediated the resolution of a lawsuit between a franchisor and its independent franchisee association. The resolution was particularly complex because it involved separate agreements with franchisees who had left the system, and those who remain in the system.
  • Mediation as to the existence of a franchise relationship - Retained as an independent mediator and resolved a dispute between a licensor and licensee when the license agreement was terminated and the licensee claimed the wrongful termination of a franchise relationship.
  • Majority shareholder buyout mediation - Represented a majority shareholder in mediating a buyout of the minority shareholder, and obtaining a non-compete provision that supplemented the existing confidentiality provisions between the parties.


  • Served as a certified commercial arbitrator for the American Arbitration Association for over 30 years. The cases he arbitrated included disputes between franchisors and franchisees, franchisors and former franchisees, manufacturers and dealers, and disputes involving trademark licenses. They include cases in which Chuck was the sole arbitrator as well as three-arbitrator panels, including arbitrations scheduled in New Orleans, Minneapolis, New York City and Miami.
  • In addition to his AAA experience, Chuck has been on the roster of arbitrators for the United States Soccer Federation for more than 20 years, and has arbitrated cases involving soccer associations in Florida, Ohio, Minnesota, Iowa and California.

Start-Up Franchisors

  • Structured franchise offerings, including preparation of disclosure documents and franchise agreements, for numerous start-up systems throughout the U.S., including full service restaurants, quick service restaurants, retail stores, direct mail businesses, home inspection services, convenience stores, hotels, tanning salons, weight loss clinics, and vending machine companies.

Mature and Expanding Franchise Systems

  • Structuring a new program for franchisees - Assisted a franchisor in structuring a new program that required participation by all franchisees, overcoming challenges from franchisees, including litigation. Devised a strategy that led to acceptance of the program, dismissal of the litigation, and a $5 million annual income stream to our client.
  • Franchise royalty program - Restructured a company’s franchise royalty program to address fundamental changes in the industry and assisted franchisor in developing a strategy for acceptance by existing franchisees.
  • Franchise restructuring and refinancing - Developed and implemented a $10 million restructure for a Minnesota-based franchise company, involving the sale of several company-owned stores, and refinancing of existing debt to reduce the client’s monthly debt service obligations by 50 percent.
  • Financial performance representations - Drafted creative financial performance representations for a number of clients to highlight their strengths vis-à-vis their major competitors.
  • Restructuring in multiple markets - Assisted a Canadian-based franchise company in restructuring its restaurants in several U.S. markets, resulting in the closing of multiple locations, and transfer of others to stronger operators. Drafted legal documents, but also compiled talking points for executives, that resulted in a complete restructure of multiple markets without any adversarial proceedings.
  • Converting franchise agreements to plain English - Rewrote franchise agreements for several franchisors to convert them to plain English, reducing their length by as much as 50 percent.
  • Franchise due diligence for acquisition of competitor - Conducted franchise due diligence on behalf of an existing franchisor client for the $1.9 billion acquisition of a competitor’s franchise system with operations in 48 states and several foreign countries.
  • Sale to private equity company - Negotiated the sale to a private equity company of a significant minority equity investment in a prominent international franchisor, allowing the current owners to monetize a significant portion of their investment, while maintaining majority control of the board of directors.

Franchising and Distributorships

  • Founder of Larkin Hoffman’s franchise practice concentrating on franchisor representation. Larkin Hoffman’s franchise services include evaluating the franchise concept, structuring the franchise relationship, drafting and registration of franchise documents, negotiations with franchisees, mediation, business expansion, mergers and acquisitions. Franchisor clients include locally-based start-ups, as well as national and regional chains. Larkin Hoffman also represents private equity companies in the acquisition and disposition of multi-unit franchise restaurants.

General Business Law

  • Extensive experience in the formation of businesses and joint ventures, shareholder disputes, contract negotiations, and the purchase and sale of businesses.


  • Minnesota, 1977
  • U.S. Federal Court


  • University of Florida College of Law, Gainesville, FL, 1977 J.D.
  • Managing Editor, University Law Review, 1975-1977
  • Honors: High Honors, Order of the Coif
  • University of Florida, Gainesville, FL, 1974 B.S. in Broadcasting


  • Lewis G. Rudnick Award, American Bar Association Forum on Franchising, 2017
  • Elected to the Fellows of the American Bar Foundation, 2021
  • Leader in Franchise Law - Chambers USA, 2008-Present
  • Designated "Senior Statespeople" - Chambers USA, 2022
  • Best Lawyers in America,® Franchise Law, 2007-Present
  • Minneapolis Franchise Law Lawyer of the Year, 2014, 2018, 2020
  • Legal Eagle, Top Franchise Lawyers in the U.S. and Canada, Franchise Times, 2006-Present
  • Franchise Lawyer Hall of Fame, 2013
  • International Who's Who of Franchise Lawyers, 2000-Present
  • International Who's Who of Business Lawyers, 2002-Present
  • Super Lawyer,® Super Lawyers magazine, 2001-Present
  • Super Lawyer,® Super Lawyers Corporate Counsel Edition, Franchise & Distribution, 2008 - Present


  • Industry Advisory Committee member, North American Securities Administrators Association Franchise Project Group, 2011 - 2022
  • Governing Committee, American Bar Association Forum on Franchising, 2001-2007; Financial Officer, 2001-2007
  • Program chair, 2004 American Bar Association Forum on Franchising, Vancouver, British Columbia
  • Strategic Advisory Board, International Institute for Franchise Education at Nova Southeastern University in Fort Lauderdale, Florida, 2003 - 2004
  • International Franchise Association: Legal/Legislative Committee, 1983-Present; Franchise Relations Committee, 1995-2002
  • Board Member, International Franchise Association, Council of Franchise Suppliers, 1995-2001
  • Editorial Board of the Law Journal Newsletters’ Franchise & Business Law Alert, 2003-2015
  • Board of Advisors, Franchise Management Institute, University of St. Thomas, St. Paul, Minnesota, 1990-2002
  • Franchise Law Journal (American Bar Association), Topics and Articles Editor, 1995-1996; Associate Editor, 1997-1998

Speaking Experience

Published Work